It can progress to Periodontitis
Periodontitis develops when gingivitis is left untreated and advances to the point of gum recession. Gum recession causes holes or pockets to develop between your gums and the roots of your teeth. These holes can accumulate plaque and bacteria over time and then cause deeper infections.
If periodontitis is not treated straight away, your gums and the bone in your jaw will weaken. As the infection gets worse, the fibres that join the gum and tooth will get loser and detach. It is also common for the gum and bone to shrink.
As the pockets deepen it becomes more difficult to clean them. Over time the plaque bacteria will leave behind a substance called Calculus.
And as the pockets get deeper various types of bacteria are attracted to them, and start to infect the tissues of the mouth. Once the bacteria have entered your blood stream, they can cause infections in different parts of your body.
In addition to your gums receding and being red and swollen, periodontitis may exhibit other symptoms including,
- Sensitivity to extreme heat and cold
- Gums that are prone to bleeding especially when you brush your teeth
- Loose teeth
- Problems or pain while chewing
- Bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth.